Everything About Border Security Force (BSF)

Know Everything About Border Security Force (BSF)

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Introduction to Border Security Force (BSF)

The BSF, full form of which is Border Security Force is the primary border guarding force of India. It is responsible for securing the India-Pakistan and India-Bangladesh border, as well as providing internal security. The BSF was established on December 1, 1965, in the aftermath of the 1965 Indo-Pak War. The force is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 

From 25 battalions in 1965 to 192 battalions with a sanctioned strength of 270,363 troops, the BSF has experienced exponential growth. This includes an increasing air wing, a Marine wing, an artillery regiment, and specialized units. It is currently the largest and most potent border-guarding force in the world.

Also Read – Facts You Clearly Did Not Know About Our CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force)

History and Development of Border Security Force (BSF)

India’s security was threatened by Pakistan, hence the BSF was established as a defense. In order to keep India’s borders secure, the BSF has been vital. The force has participated in several missions, such as the Kargil War, Operation Blue Star, and Operation Vijay. Moreover, Jammu & Kashmir’s BSF has participated in anti-terrorism operations.

Border Security Force (BSF) Role in Maintaining Border Security

  • During Peacetime, the BSF undertakes the following tasks:
  • Encouraging a sense of security among residents of border regions is the responsibility of BSF.
  • To avoid unauthorized entry into or leave from Indian territory as well as transnational crimes.
  • Stopping any unlawful activity on the Border, including smuggling.
  • Duty to prevent infiltration in the country.
  • To gather international intelligence.
  • The BSF performs the following tasks during Wartime:
  • Maintaining position in a given sector.
  • Limited use of force in an aggressive manner against hostile irregular forces.
  • The BSF is in charge of maintaining Law and Order in hostile territory administered under the control of Army.
  • Serving as ambassadors for the Army in border regions.
  • Assistance in refugee management.
  • Offering escorts.
  • Conducting particular intelligence-related missions, including as cross-border incursions.

Organization and Structure of BSF

A Director General is the leader of the Border Security Force(BSF), while various other officers work under him or her. A number of battalions, each with a distinct area of responsibility, constitute the force. 

The BSF has a clear chain of command, and its members are prepared for a range of circumstances. The BSF Academy in Tekanpur, Madhya Pradesh, and BSF Training Centre & School in Hazaribag (Jharkhand)  are two of the force’s many training facilities.

Opportunity and Challenges in Female BSF Recruiting

For a number of positions, the BSF has been hiring female candidates. More options in law enforcement have been available to women thanks to their enrollment into the BSF. For both technical and non-technical positions in the BSF, female candidates are welcome to apply.

Even while the BSF’s decision to hire more women was a good one, there have been some drawbacks as well. Standard physical fitness requirements, a lack of facilities, and gender biases are just some of the issues that women in the BSF must deal with. The BSF has been working to overcome these obstacles and give women in the force equal chances.

BSF Eligibility Criteria 

Post NameAge LimitQualification Required
Constable( Carpenter, Plumber, Painter, Electrician, Draughtsman, Upholster,Pump Operator, Tinsmith)18 – 25 yearsMatriculation (10th grade) pass,
A two-year ITI certificate in the pertinent trade, OR an ITI certificate with one year or more of relevant experience.
Constable(Cobbler, Tailor, Washer Man, Barber, Sweeper,Mali, Khoji/Syce)18-25 yearsMatriculation (10th grade) pass.
The individual must be an expert in their trade.
Constable (Cook, Water Carrier, Constable, Waiter, Butcher)18-25 yearsSuccessful completion of the Matriculation (10th grade);
A National Skills Qualification Framework level course from the National Skill Development Corporation in Food Production or in the Kitchen.
BSF Sub InspectorUpto 30 yearsBachelor’s Degree in any stream from a recognized institution in the country.
BSF Assistant Commandant20-25 yearsA graduate degree from a recognized constitution.
Having an NCC “C” or “B” certificate is advantageous.
BSF Assistant Commandant (Technical)20-25 yearsA graduate degree from a recognized constitution.
Having an NCC “C” or “B” certificate is advantageous.
Diploma in Electronics, Mechanical, Computer Science, or any other stream.
BSF Assistant Sub Inspector (Radio Mechanic)18-25 years10th Standard pass OR
12th Standard pass with 50% marks in PCM
BSF Head Constable (Operator & Fitter)18-23 yearsConstable Operator –
10th Standard Pass with ITI in Radio & TV or electronics. OR
12th Standard pass with PCM
Constable Fitter –
ITI certificate in fitter, automobile, engine, motor mechanic, engine, or diesel mechanic from a recognized institution.
12th Standard Pass with PCM.

BSF Salary Per Month

The average BSF salary paid for a month is between Rs. 21,700/- to Rs. 69,100/-.

BSF Recruitment 2023 Selection Process

The Selection Process for BSF Tradesman Recruitment 2023 is a 5 step process –

  • Written Test
  • Physical Standards Test (PST)
  • Physical Efficiency Test (PET)
  • Document Verification
  • Trade Test
  • Medical Examination

Comparison with other Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs)

The BSF is one of the seven Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) in India. The other CAPFs are the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF),the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), the Assam Rifles. the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), the Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), and the National Security Guard (NSG).

While all the CAPFs have the same basic mandate of maintaining internal security and border guarding, each force has its own specific role. The BSF, for example, is responsible for securing India’s borders with Pakistan and Bangladesh, while the ITBP is responsible for securing India’s borders with China.

The General Duty Battalions of the BSF are supported in their operations by its own Air Wing, Marine Wing, and artillery regiments, which are unique among Central Armed Police forces. Also, the police keeps a Tear Smoke Unit (TSU), which is unheard of in India. The TSU is in charge of manufacturing the tear gas munitions needed for the Anti-Riot Troops. Also, it exports a considerable amount of goods to foreign nations.


Maintaining India’s national security depends heavily on the BSF. India’s land borders with Pakistan and Bangladesh are to be kept secure by the Border Security Force(BSF).

The BSF is also engaged in counter-terrorism operations, preventing illegal immigration, and cross-border smuggling.

The force plays a huge role in protecting the nation. So candidates aiming to serve their nation should treat it as a good option.

Look forward to our upcoming articles for more information about the Border Security Force(BSF).

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